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A parent : The government claims the new Canada Child Benefit will pay nine of 10 families more than they receive under existing programs. The new child benefit starts in July and applies to people with kids under 18. Benefits are tax free, which means no surprises when filing your taxes.Its likely families making over $ 150,000 will see a decrease in benefits
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Both the children’s fitness and arts tax credits are headed to extinction. Eligible expenses will be cut in half for 2016 and eliminated for 2017. The fitness credit is now worth up to $150 on expenses of as much as $1,000, while the arts credit is worth up to $75 on expenses of up to $500.
An increase in child disability benefits
“To recognize the additional costs of caring for a child with a severe disability,” Budget 2016 will continue the Child Disability Benefit but add an additional amount of up to $2,730 for each child who is eligible for the Disability Tax Credit.
The elimination of income splitting for couples with kids
Income splitting for couples with children under age 18 will be eliminated.
While not referenced in the Budget document this is in direct reference to the prior Conservative government’s introduction of the Family Tax Credit, which allowed couples to income split and save up to $2,000 in taxes each year.
An investment in childcare
The Liberals want to invest $500 million to establish a National Framework on Early Learning and Child Care, starting in 2017 ($100 million of this is earmarked for Indigenous child care and early learning on reserve). This will facilitate how provinces address childcare needs.
A college or university student: The Canada Student Grant, for young people from low-income families, will grow to $3,000 a year from $2,000 for the 2016-17 academic year; students from middle class families will see the grant rise to $1,200 from $800.
A student or parent helping to pay college or university: The education tax credit and textbook tax credit are being eliminated as of Jan. 1, 2017. The education credit is worth 15 per cent of $400 for each month a student is enrolled in school full-time, while the textbook credit is set at 15 per cent of $65 per month.
A recent graduate: No student will have to repay money borrowed under the Canada Student Loan program until he or she is earning at least $25,000 per year. Acknowledging the trouble young people are having finding well paying work?
An investor: The government is cracking down on corporate class mutual funds, which allow people to switch money between funds in the same corporate structure without incurring a taxable gain. This switching will no longer be tax-free after September of this year. Good news! labour-sponsored venture capital funds have been revitalized through the return of a 15-per-cent federal tax credit on purchases of these investments. These funds provide a way for small companies to get financing, but they have produced weak results for investors in many cases.
A low-income single senior: Payments under the Guaranteed Income Supplement top-up benefit will rise by as much as $947 per year. This measure will affect 900,000 single seniors, a group that is at particular risk of living in poverty.
Someone who is looking ahead to retirement: The age of eligibility of for Old Age Security will remain at 65 and not gradually increase to 67 by 2029.
Part of a senior couple that is living apart: If the couple is living apart for reasons beyond its control, say because one partner requires long-term care, then additional GIS benefits may be available, depending on income.
A teacher: A new tax credit will, starting this year, help cover out-of-pocket costs for school supplies at a rate of 15 per cent on expenses of up to $1,000. Early childhood educators are also covered.
Average working person: A reduction in the middle-income tax bracket
As previously announced, Budget 2016 confirmed that the middle class income tax bracket would be cut from 22% to 20.5%, starting this year. That means if your taxable income is between $45,282 and $90,563, you’ll pay less tax.
A single Canadian in this tax bracket will see an average tax reduction of $330 every year, while couples will see an average tax reduction of $540 per year.
According to Budget 2016, nearly nine million Canadians will benefit from this tax cut, which took effect Jan. 1, 2016.
The Liberals also made good on their promise to introduce a new 33% tax bracket for people who earn more than $200,000 each year.